Talking about the economic center of ancient China, it definitely belongs to Yangzhou. Yangzhou started with Wu Wang Liuxu in the early Western Han Dynasty and relied on the transportation capacity of salt, copper and ditch to become the wealth of Emperor Jingde Han. It records Liu Xun: "There are princes, but they are rich in heaven." His capital, Guangling City (now Yangzhou), is known as the capital of the southeast and dominates the southeast. After Emperor Sui Yang opened the Grand Canal, Yangzhou's transportation status became more prominent, becoming the only major central hub of north-south water and land transportation in the country. The Tang Dynasty's Yangzhou City can be called the most prosperous city in Chinese history. The prosperity surpasses the two capitals, Chang'an and Luoyang. The New Tang Book records: "Yangzhou is the richest in the world." In the following dynasties, Yangzhou was regarded as a pronoun of prosperity. Many cities developed themselves as "little Yangzhou" to show their prosperity. It should be noted that I just summarize the history, not discredit the other cities.
Evaluation of writers in the Republic of China
The writer of the Republic of China Cao Juren said in "Shanghai Spring and Autumn-Opening Port": "The oldest and busiest city in Chinese history is Yangzhou, not Shanghai. Shanghai is a small port at the intersection of the Yangtze River and the Huangpu River, three hundred years ago. Compared to Liuhe, only one hundred and fifty years ago dared to compare Suzhou, boasting that little Shanghai was better than Suzhou. As for Yangzhou, it is too brilliant and unattainable, how can it be compared? ".
Origin of the term "little Yangzhou"