The Netherlands is located in Western Europe, near the North Sea to the west and north.
The neighboring countries are Belgium and Germany, and they have maritime borders with France and the United Kingdom.
The Netherlands is low-lying, with a quarter of its territory below sea level and an area of 41,543 square kilometers, only slightly larger than Switzerland (41,285 square kilometers) or half the size of South Carolina in the United States.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands is actually made up of four parts: the Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Saint Martin. However, in fact, most of the Kingdom's affairs are managed by the Netherlands, which represents the entire Kingdom, accounting for about 98% of the Dutch territory and population. As a result, Aruba, Curacao, and San Martin all rely on the Netherlands in foreign policy and defense matters, but to a certain extent have autonomy and have their own parliaments.
With a population of nearly 17 million, the capital and largest city is Amsterdam, and the seat of government is The Hague.
The national language is Dutch.