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Qing Dynasty court diet

Source: Time: 2020-03-11 07:43:40

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The Qing Palace Diet is managed by the House and Guanglu Temple. It consists of the royal dining room, the royal tea dining room, the longevity dining room, the outer dining room, the inner dining room, the prince's dining room, and the guard's dining room, which respectively host the palace banquet and daily diet.
The Royal Dining Room is a full-time agency responsible for the emperor's diet. There are several ministers in charge of management affairs, all of whom are sent by the emperor. The Minister of Management has official positions such as Shang Shanzheng, Shang Shan Deputy, Shang Shan, Chief, Commissioner, and Post-it, and specializes in the Emperor's meals. Under it, there is a kitchen service and a palm stove, specifically for the emperor to prepare meals.
The Qing Palace's diet system is strict. Not only has a dedicated chef, a special catering room, but also a set of dietary systems left by the ancestors. There are strict quota rules, that is, each person has a fixed amount of rice, noodles, meat, vegetables and seasonings. For "mouth". For example, the emperor's daily share includes 22 pounds of meat, 5 pounds of soup, 1 pound of lard, 2 sheep, 5 chickens, 3 ducks, various vegetables, 100 pounds of milk, 12 cans of Yuquan water, and 1 pound of cream. , 75 tea bags and so on. The queen is 16 pounds of meat per day, 10 pounds of soup, 10 pounds of pork, 2 sheep, five chickens, 3 ducks, 19 pounds of vegetables, 60 radishes (various), 6 pounds of green onions, 4 Yuquan wine 3 pounds of sauce, 2 pounds of vinegar, rice, noodles, sesame oil, milk wine, ghee, honey, sugar, sesame, walnuts, black dates, etc. The concubines, princes, and Fujin descended accordingly.
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty and Hou usually ate meals, called "passing meals", "using meals" or "entering meals". Two meals a day. Morning breakfast is at 8:00 am and dinner is not at 2:00 pm. In addition to the two dinners, there are wine and snacks, usually in the afternoon or evening. Before meals, the Minister of Internal Affairs will open an order for the record, and the order will indicate that someone has cooked a certain dish to prevent accidents.
The emperor usually eats alone. The queen queen, queen and concubine ate in their respective palaces. The emperor didn't have a fixed place to eat, and he lived in the palace and other places where he did business and activities. When Emperor Qianlong lived, the dormitory where he lived was the apse of Yangxin Hall. Breakfast was often served in the Dongnuan Pavilion of Yangxin Hall. Dinner and wine are mostly in Shufangzhai and Zhonghua Palace. The palace of Emperor Xianfeng is also in the apse of Yangxin Temple, but he is used to eating in Xianfu Palace or Tongdao Hall. The queen, queen queen and concubine also ate in their palace.
At each meal time, the emperor ordered the front guard to pass a meal. At that time, the official responsible for the emperor's meals immediately acted, and the eunuch who prepared the table set up the table according to the will, and the eunuch put the meal to the dining room quickly. Meals are served in food containers. It must be held on the emperor's dining table with both hands until it can be taken out. After the royal meals are all set up, the eunuchs accompanying the emperor will also "taste the meals", that is, taste every meal to ensure that the emperor's diet is safe.
In normal times, the emperor eats more than 20 dishes, side dishes, four dishes of staple food, and two dishes of porridge (or soup). The dishes are mainly chicken, duck, fish, goose, pork, and fresh vegetables in time, supplemented by Shanzhen seafood, kiwi, and dried vegetables. The main food is "Gongmi" and Xinmai. Even the water for cooking is transported into the palace from Yuquan Mountain in the western suburbs of Beijing.
The empresses and concubines of the Qing Dynasty used different textures, different patterns, and different numbers of tableware according to their identities. They were called "bit bowls."
In addition to the queen's daily diet, feasts with various names are an important part of the Qing Palace diet. Such as the feast of the Taihe Palace, the feast of the Palace of the Qing Dynasty, the emperor's holy birthday feast, the empress Qianqiu feast, the prince's wedding feast, the Zhonghua Palace tea feast and the Qianxi feast held by the Kangxi and Qianlong dynasties. The types and types of banquet diets differ according to the status of the banquet people.

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