竟彩网hg622.com

hg80009.com Revolution in Longevity (Part 3)

Revolution in Longevity (Part 3)

Source of information: Time: 2020-03-11 13:19:09

Millennium Tongzhou vitality north stream

Part 3 of Longevity's Revolution Heartbreak hurts the most. Keep your peace of mind to extend your life (1)
Chapter 9: Heartbreak hurts the most—Keep your peace of mind in order to extend your life
Why Sudden Bereavement Causes "Broken Liver"
Many illnesses stem from our uneasiness. The qi will rush up when angry, the qi will ease when over happy, the qi will dissipate when sad, the qi will be chaotic when frightened, and will be depressed when thinking.
The idiom "Hepatic and Intestine Broken" is almost universally known. It comes from a story in "The New Talks of the World", which tells you that the Temperate Warriors entered Sichuan. When they passed the Three Gorges, a subordinate caught a little monkey and wanted to Play on the road. The mother monkey Sier was eager, and wailed along the road following the direction of the boat. She ran for more than a hundred miles and refused to leave. Then she jumped onto the boat and was killed. When a soldier broke the belly of the mother monkey, his intestines were broken into inch-by-inch sections. When Wen Wen knew it, she was very angry and yelled, "Hurry off the boat and go, I don't want such subordinates."
Many people are puzzled. The mother monkey suddenly loses her child, and her sadness is certain, but why is her liver and bowel broken? Actually, it's not just monkeys, people are the same. Sudden emotional stimuli can indeed cause stress ulcers in the digestive tract, and the "inch" intestine is the extreme condition of peptic ulcers.
The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine states that: "A hundred diseases are born of qi, anger is angry, joy is slow, sorrow is angry, fear is angry, shock is angry, and thinking is qi." Means: Many diseases are caused by our unhappy mood. Qi is rushed when we are angry, it will be relieved when we are happy, it will be dissipated when we are sad, it will be chaotic when we are scared, and it will be depressed when we are worried.
Chinese medicine believes that people have seven emotions of joy, anger, worry, thought, sadness, terror, and shock, all of which are abnormal emotional expressions. What is more serious is that these emotions can be turned into heart fire because of the poor, affecting our health.
For example, when panic causes fire, we will experience upsets, restlessness, insomnia, and so on. In this case, you can use the appropriate amount of cinnabar anshen pills to press the mind that floats over because of the shock. If you find that the tongue of the frightened person is very red, especially on the tip of the tongue, it is very hot, and the situation is serious, you can eat Niuhuang Qingxin. If you are not so serious after being frightened, you can use 30 grams of lotus seeds (not lotus heart), 15 grams of gardenia (wrapped in gauze), add the right amount of rock sugar, fry in water, eat lotus seeds and soup, delicious and heart-warming.
In addition to Qingxin's proprietary Chinese medicine and lotus seed heart tea, you can also massage the Lao Gong acupoints of the pericardium (when fisting, the palm part directly under the middle fingertip), and the Shaofu points of the heart meridian (when fist, the position of the palm facing the little finger ), The Daling Acupoint of the Pericardial Sutra, and the Shenmen Acupoint of the Heart Sutra.
Don't let the "Desire-Strength" be reduced too much
When the thoughts (desires) in our hearts exceed our physical ability (strength), it is easy for people to get angry. Expressed by the formula is "desire-strength = get angry", the greater the subtraction, the greater our heart fire.
About heart fire, Chen Xiaoye, a professor of Chinese medicine, gave an interesting formula: desire-strength = get angry. The simple three items explain the factors that affect the heart fire accurately.
The so-called desire is what we think in our hearts and hope to achieve, such as wanting to get promoted, wanting to get rich, hope to become a child, hope to become a woman, and so on. The so-called strength is the ability that we can own and really have, such as someone's technical level, learning ability, practical ability, and so on.
Human strength is often limited, but human desire can be infinitely extended. When a person ’s desire is far beyond his own range of strength, to put it plainly is that he ca n’t achieve the ideals such as “ideal” and “wish” in his heart, and his heart will naturally be very painful and sorrowful. Of course, it is easy to get angry. . And the more this excess, the greater the anger.
We all know that human strength can't be improved instantly, so how to avoid heart fire? Judging from the above formula, it is definitely necessary to control desire. Let desire be reduced by a small amount, preferably equal to strength, so that all the "ideas" and "wishes" in the heart can be realized, and people will naturally not get angry.
The third part of the longevity revolution is the most heartbreaking. Keep the peace of mind to prolong life (2)
I used to know a young man who graduated from undergraduate school and felt that his job was not ideal and his treatment was not good, so I went to take a master's degree from a famous university. After being admitted for two years, he hesitated again when he got the offer letter. Because in the past two years, the job has been quite proficient, and the position has been promoted accordingly. Of course, the salary is much better than two years ago. If you choose to go to graduate school, you must give up your current job. It can be estimated according to the trend of today's society. After graduation, if you want to find a job that is both proficient and well-paying, you have little hope. He hesitated all day, hesitant to move, and his heart fired up.
Later, the young man came to me and complained to me, "Sometimes, when there is an opportunity, it is better not to have it, but not to be more meditation." Seeing his pain, I laughed: "This is not a matter of opportunity, it is The question of your desire? Don't look at the mountain high, it is best to find a position that suits your strength. "The young man listened to me and felt suddenly open. He called the school when he went back and said he decided Give up the opportunity to study. Now, he is still in the original company, but works smoothly and his income has increased significantly. Although he is busy, he is happy.
From a psychological point of view, there is a desire to cause desire. The more choices there are, the more desires. When desire exceeds one's own strength and cannot be achieved, it is easy to get angry and easy to suffer.
Although there are various ways of keeping in good health in ancient China, their purpose can often be grouped into one: reducing desire. For example, in Buddhism, "the four majors are all empty," meditation health must overcome the temptations of the outside world (color, sound, incense, taste, touch, and law) and the troubles of inner emotions and desires; Extremely, keep quiet, "health requires" less thinking, less reading, less desire, less things, less language, less laughter, less worry, less joy, less joy, less anger, less good, less
Evil "and so on.
Chinese medicine believes that the "heart" is the place where people hide their souls, the home of desire, the emotional leader of people, and the key to being a person. Therefore, the heart cannot keep moving, it is better to be quiet. Modern medical research also found that 70% of various diseases are physical and mental diseases, which are directly related to emotional psychology.
It can be seen that if we don't want to get angry, we must control our desires and achieve a peaceful state of mind. This is the real health.
Discharge bad emotions in time to dispel haze in your heart
In life, there are always some bad emotions that we cannot resolve ourselves. When "internalization" does not work, we must seek a method of "exposure" in order to dispel the inner haze and stay away from illness.
Each of us will have a bad mood. If we can't resolve ourselves in time, we must find a "leakage" method and find a suitable channel to let out bad emotions.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that "there is depression", and the easiest way to eliminate bad emotions is to "vent". For example, when a person is distressed or grieved, he burst into tears and let the tears flow freely, making him feel more comfortable. Don't bury the bad emotions in your heart. Modern research has found that tears flowing out of emotional changes contain two kinds of nerve conduction substances. After these two kinds of conduction substances are discharged from the body with the tears, they can ease the tension of the sad person, reduce pain and eliminate anxiety, so crying for a bit longer than tears The stomach is much better.
However, many times, although we are emotionally depressed, due to time and place constraints, we should not release it at once. At this time, we can take the form of dispersal, mediation, and gradually venting. When a person encounters something unpleasant, is frustrated, and even suffers misfortune, such as frustration in love, the death of a family member or friend, a major change in life, unpleasant things at work, study, or at home. When anger starts from your heart, or if your heart is filled with sorrow, if you have no conditions to let go, you can first calm down and control your feelings, and then find your sincere and optimistic close friends, loved ones, or tell your loved ones, A friend wrote a letter telling him that he was distressed and upset. As the saying goes, "bystanders are clear," they receive strength and support from the guidance, counsel, sympathy, and comfort of relatives and friends, and the negative feelings of depression, worry, and anxiety will dissipate. Therefore, making good friends, expanding social contacts, and establishing good interpersonal relationships are good medicines for treating bad moods.
The third part of the longevity revolution is the most heartbreaking. Keep the peace of mind to prolong life (3)
In addition, when the mood is not good, you can write poems and essays to express your emotions, which is also an effective way to drain bad emotions.
People often say that smoking, drinking, and improper diet are serious harm to health, but in fact, bad mood has a greater impact on human health. According to statistics from relevant scholars, 20% of health and longevity come from genetic factors, 25% from the impact of the surrounding environment, 5% from medical conditions, and the remaining 50% are completely in their hands, which is their own mental state and choice of life Ways and habits.
Therefore, in order to self-regulate in a positive manner and get rid of the influence of bad mood, we can be healthy and happy in life.
Learn to "empathize" and let the sad heart breathe
Among the ways of emotional grooming, there is a method called emotional transfer, that is, through self-grooming, subjectively changing the meaning of the stimulus, thereby turning bad emotions into positive emotions.
I don't know if you have encountered such a situation: once you are upset and depressed, listen to music, dance, play basketball, swim, or watch a humorous crosstalk, mime, funny movie ... In short, According to your own interests and hobbies, you can transfer your worry to your favorite activities, and you can get out of your depression and become happy.
Many practices have proved that self-entertainment and self-entertainment activities can indeed relax the body, relieve sorrow and worry, and support the mind, which is beneficial to physical and mental health.
In ancient China, there was a saying "women hurt the spring, men sad autumn". There are two explanations for the original meaning of these two sentences. One is: "A woman sees the coming of spring, another year passes, and her youth passes with time. So it feels sad; while men see autumn is coming, they no longer feel the time, and their body is not as good as one year, so they feel sad. ”Another explanation is:“ Women see the fading flowers in spring, and sadness their looks over time. As you grow old, beauty is no longer; a man sees that autumn leaves are dying, and expresses his sorrow that he will not succeed, and that his life will end like a leaf in a short period of time. " , Such as Lin Daiyu, seeing the flowers and water flowing down and the trees dying will be sad.
From the point of view of Chinese medicine, the lungs are the main sorrows. Excessive sorrow can hurt the lungs, and emotional illness is difficult to cure with medicine. Therefore, the ancients adopted a life-governing approach. The man is sad for the autumn, so he recruits soldiers in the autumn and fights at the border to give the man a chance to build his career; In ancient times, the dowry was wrapped in white magpies and sent to the woman's house. Shooting the wild goose requires eyesight and strength, so the strength of the man's arms, lung, liver, and kidney are examined in this way. Engagement in the autumn dilutes the sadness of the man. In the winter, the happy event, the girl is almost pregnant the next spring, and the joy of being a mother will make the wounded spring disappear. In this way, the emotional illness of men and women is cured with the rule of life.
Nowadays, although the ancient cure method is not very applicable, it also inspired us that emotional disease does not necessarily require medication. It can be achieved by diverting the patient's attention.
Faced with the modern fast-paced and tense life, using music to relieve stress has become a popular health care and treatment method in the world. The correct approach is: choose music that "consistent" or "consistent" with the mood at the time, in order to promote the so-called "sound phenomenon". To deal with the general emotional stress, it is more effective to appreciate the soothing “sad music” than to enjoy light music. This therapy is generally a course of 30 days, 2 to 3 times a day, about one hour each time. At the same time, when listening to music, you should try to choose an elegant and quiet environment with good air circulation, and it is best to have colors and floral fragrances that regulate your psychology and mood. It is important to note that you should not listen to marches on an empty stomach, and you should not listen to rock music when angry.
Besides music, playing chess is also a great way to empathize. Many people suffer from chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure and heart disease, and are not suitable for intense physical activities. To play chess, you only need a table and a few stools. You can open and close in your spare time, calm and calm, and move with determination. Moreover, on the chessboard, although there are only a few people, it has infinite charm. The confrontation between the two armies is a contest of intelligence, and the formation of marching troops is a contest of thinking. Playing chess often can exercise thinking, maintain intelligence, and prevent the aging of brain cells. However, in the process of playing chess, don't care about winning or losing. If you overemphasize the outcome of the game, you will be worried about it, but it will lead to depressed mood, poor blood, and exhaustion. When playing games, avoid excessive consumption of energy, should be appropriate, or else it is not good for your body or mind. In addition, it is more jealous to use chess as a gamble, from small gambling to big gambling, it is uncontrollable.
The third part of the longevity revolution is the most heartbreaking. Keep the peace of mind to prolong life (4)
In addition, calligraphy, painting, sports, travel, etc. are also good empathy. Which method is more appropriate depends on your own situation.
Circulate the lung qi, help the heart to drive cold
In the internal organs of the human body, the heart is the main blood vessel, the lung is the main qi, and the qi is the blood line. The lung qi helps the heart to promote blood flow. If the lungs are inadequate, you will not be able to help your heart fire to dispel the cold, and you will get sick.
A friend's wife always sweated hot and cold at three or four in the morning in winter, but she was cold and cold during the day, and she still felt extremely cold when she was dressed seriously. Later, I went to see Chinese medicine, and was diagnosed with wind chills, and my heart was full of fire. It was a typical "ice pack fire." The doctor said that his wife's illness was mainly caused by lack of lungs, and he was unable to help the heart fire to dispel wind chills.
My friend and his wife didn't understand the doctor's diagnosis very well, so they found me. I hope I can explain them in detail. In fact, in my opinion, the doctor's diagnosis was very reasonable.
Chinese medicine believes that the lungs breathe, and the gas enters and exits from the nose. The so-called "lung opens the nose"; the gas passes through the throat and can make sounds, which is also related to the lungs. "Lung qi should be cleared down" means that the lungs need to be kept clear and free from phlegm and heat. The lung qi must be properly lowered. When the kidney qi is accepted and communicated up and down, breathing can be normal and the internal waterways can be unobstructed. At the same time, the lungs are mainly transfused with blood and water, the heart is the main blood vessels, the lungs are the main qi, and the qi is the blood line. The lung qi has the role of helping the heart to promote blood flow. When water enters the body, it is transported from the spleen to the lungs, and then from the lungs to the body.
Therefore, lung qi has a great relationship with human health. Cough, sputum, asthma, etc. are all symptoms of lung inversion. Hemoptysis is a manifestation of lung heat, lung (yin) deficiency, or injury to the lungs; nasal congestion, runny nose, nosebleeds, etc. should be considered from the lungs; itchy throat, hoarseness, or sore throats should also be considered from the lungs; eyelid or facial swelling, and limb swelling It may also be caused by the inability of the airways to pass through the airway. If the lung is inadequate, you will not be able to help your heart fire to dispel the cold, and you will get sick.
So how can we clear our lungs? There are two relatively simple methods, which are introduced below.
1. Larynx
Sit up, head up, straighten your neck, and massage your hands down your throat until you reach your chest. Alternate massage with both hands 30 times for 1 time, can be done 2 to 3 times continuously. This method can benefit the throat and have the effect of relieving cough and phlegm.
2. Rhinoplasty
Rub the outer sides of the thumbs of both hands against each other. After feeling hot, use the outer side of the thumb to massage up and down along the bridge of the nose and the sides of the nose about 60 times; then, massage the Yingxiang points on both sides of the nose 20 times (Yingxiang points are located at the junction of the nasolabial sulcus and the nose wings) Department), nose 1-2 times a day. Frequent nose rubbing can effectively prevent colds and colds, and is very effective for people with poor constitution and allergies to cold air.
First aid sambo to prevent heartburn
Beware of the ascending fire through the fire, it will cause inflammation of the fire, mostly manifested as sore tongue, oral erosion, upset and insomnia, red tongue, etc. For this, you can choose An Gong Niu Huang Wan, Zi Xue Dan or Zhi Bao Dan for emergency treatment according to the symptoms.
The "Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor" believes that the heart is the official of the monarch. The so-called deities here refer to human spirit, thinking, consciousness activities, and the wisdom and wisdom reflected in these activities. If the function of the main mind is normal, the spirit is healthy and clear; on the contrary, the mind is abnormal, and panic, forgetfulness, insomnia, madness, etc. can also cause other visceral dysfunction.
A heart attack is usually an emergency. If you fail to get first aid, you will be in danger, such as sudden cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral thrombosis. So how can we prevent this condition when it occurs?
From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, to deal with these emergencies, you can take "emergency three treasures", namely Angong Niuhuang Wan, Zixuedan and Zhibaodan.
1. An Gong Niuhuang Wan
An Gong Niuhuang Pill contains Chinese herbal medicines such as bezoar, musk, Coptis chinensis, cinnabar, pearl. It is suitable for patients with high fever and unconsciousness. Many patients with high fever and coma during the SARS period were rescued with An Gong Niu Huang Wan.
The third part of the longevity revolution is the most heartbreaking. Keep the peace of mind to prolong life (5)
2. Purple Snow Dan
Dan has a long history, and its medicinal properties are great cold. It is more common in pharmacies, and its modern name is "Zixuesan". Zixuedan is suitable for patients with convulsions, irritability, twitching hands and feet, and often making noises.
3. Arcana
This prescription is more suitable for patients with coma with fever and unconscious but silent, because there are many aromatic and dry medicines, and there is the disadvantage of consuming yin and robbery fluid. Those who suffer from stroke and fainting due to liver-yang hyperactivity are banned.
The above-mentioned "first aid three treasures" mainly used to treat infectious and infectious diseases. Generally, fever and coma appeared. Now they are also widely used for brain injury and accidental cerebrovascular injury, but there must be a clear thermal image, at least the tongue must be very red. 3. The tongue coating should be yellow. As long as it meets the criteria, it can be taken whether it is cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis, or coma caused by gas poisoning and trauma. In addition, timely consumption of An Gong Niu Huang Wan can also inhibit cell death.
In addition, most people who are in high spirits will have insomnia. In this regard, it is recommended that these patients always have some soothing Chinese medicine at home, such as Niuhuang Qingxin Pill, Tianwang Buxin Dan, Jieyu Anshen Granules, etc.
1. Bezoar Qingxin Pill
This medicine is mainly for insomnia caused by heartburn. In addition to insomnia, people with dizziness, upset, dry stools, red tongue, and prominent thermal imaging can also choose.
2. Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan
Applicable to insomnia caused by low yin deficiency and blood. Because the heart and blood are consumed by fire, people not only suffer from insomnia, forgetfulness, panic in their hearts, but also have fever in their hands and feet, red tongue, and sore tongue. This medicine has a greater effect.
3. Jieyu Anshen Granules
Jieyu Anshen Granule is suitable for those who have difficulty falling asleep due to poor mood. This type of person has many dreams, and sleeps very lightly, it is easy to wake up with a little sound, and there may be symptoms of upset, forgetfulness, and chest tightness.
Relieving boredom and disheartening, bitter gourd is a good medicine
Because the heart is the official of the monarch, the heart fire is also called the monarch fire, and it directs the fire of other organs. If the fire is overwhelming, then the other fires of other organs will no longer obey the command, but will arbitrarily move, which will cause people's essence to be easily consumed and vulnerable to disease. To solve this problem, bitter gourd is the best food.
Because the heart is the official of the monarch, and the heart fire is also called the monarch fire, Zhu Danxi also mentioned in the "phase fire theory": "fire has monarch and phase."
The heart is to the human body, as the monarch is in the dominion of the kingdom, so is the heart fire, which rules the fire of other organs. If the heart fire stays within the normal range, the viscera will be smooth, and the human body will be yin and yang balanced and healthy. If the heart fire is too strong, then the phase fire will no longer obey the command, and it will falter, which will make people's essence easy. Consumption is vulnerable, and diseases will follow. Here, I recommend the bitter gourd as a good medicine to relieve boredom.
Bitter melon is easy to grow and can be found everywhere in the market, so it is also a common dish on the family table, especially the long-lived old people. Many of them like bitter melon.
"Suixiju diet profile" records: "The bitter gourd green is bitter cold, cleansing heat, eyesight, and refreshing heart. But the sauce can be marinated, when roasted, the meat is first simmered to remove the bitterness, although the gravy in summer can be condensed, and those who are cold should not eat. When cooked, it is red, sweet and flat, nourishing blood and nourishing spleen, and nourishing the spleen and kidney. "In other words, bitter gourd is not only rich in nutrition, but also has the effects of removing evil heat, exhausting fatigue, and clearing the mind. Regular consumption can relieve heart fire and enhance Human immunity.
Bitter gourd can be cooked into a variety of delicious dishes, which can be shredded, sliced, cut into pieces, used as a condiment, or cooked separately, and fried, stewed, steamed, and boiled to become dishes with different flavors. Such as bitter gourd cut into circles, stuffed with minced meat, cooked with garlic, tempeh, crispy and fragrant. There are many famous bitter gourds around China, such as green pepper fried bitter gourd, bitter gourd, dried bitter gourd, bitter gourd roasted meat, sour bitter gourd, bitter gourd beef stew, bitter gourd stewed yellow croaker, etc., delicious and fresh, refreshing and refreshing The role of fire.
In addition, Zhu Danxi said: "The cover fire is hidden in the liver and kidney yin points, the prince fire does not move arbitrarily, the phase fire only kills his guard, there is no burning flame, and the madness of flying away is also rampant!" Therefore, To prevent violent movements of the fire, we must also "sense the heart, close the heart, and raise the heart", and keep the spirit quiet and inner guard.
The third part of the longevity revolution is to keep up with health. The highest state of health is to respond to "time" (1)
Chapter 4—Oneness of Heaven and Man, Health Preservation to the Realm of Health—Healthcare goes along with time and can live with heaven and earth
The ancients said: "The sun goes down, the sky goes down." Man is a very small member of the heavens and the earth. Only when the sun is in sync with nature and in time, can he nurture the days and achieve long life. Conversely, if you do not follow the laws of nature and go against the sky, it will hurt the essence and shorten the life. Therefore, the key to raising life is to go with the sky and change with the seasons.
Chapter X Keeping Time-The highest state of health is to respond to the "time"
Seasons change, pay more attention to maintaining legs
Every time the season changes, people are prone to leg pain and cold, especially the elderly, and the poor physical performance is more obvious. Therefore, at this time, we must pay attention to maintaining our legs and feet.
Before I went to visit everybody in the country, a friend came to me in a hurry and said that his father had neither fallen nor been hit. But when the season changed, he felt cold, unable to move, and his back I also feel unwell. He asked me if his father had a problem with the nervous system and went to the hospital to check which department was better. I think my friends are really filial, but they seem to be overly nervous. In fact, the motherland medicine has long been about the seasons to pay attention to keep warm the back and maintain legs and feet.
The back of the human body has all the back points of the human body, as well as the reflection areas of various internal organs. It is the passage of the internal and external environment and the most vulnerable part to external invasion. Therefore, we must pay attention to the back to keep warm during the seasons. As for the method, it is very simple, just put on a close-fitting cotton or fur vest.
At this time, in addition to back discomfort, people are also prone to leg pain and cold, especially in the elderly, and poor physical performance is more obvious. In this regard, many historical doctors and modern experts have given some good ways to protect the legs and feet, here to share with you.
Regarding the maintenance of your legs and common problems such as "old cold legs", the following 4 methods are good choices:
1. Palm rubbing
Rotate and rub the calf with both palms tightly, rubbing 20-30 times on each side, exchanging the legs 6 times, which can clear the blood and strengthen the leg strength.
2. Dry cleaning legs
Hold both thighs tightly with both hands, and massage from the thighs down to the ankles, then rub back from the ankles to the thighs. Rub the other leg in the same way and repeat 10 to 20 times.
3. Rub one's feet
Rub the palms of your hands, then rub your palms with your palms 100 times each. It has good curative effect on numbness, edema and atrophy of the feet.
4. Kick in place
Hold the tree or the wall with one hand, first shake your calf forward to lift your toes forward, then shake it backwards, force your toes backward, your feet are stretched, and your legs are straight. Rotate both legs and shake, it is advisable to do 80 to 100 times.
When it comes to protecting your feet, here are three simple and effective ways:
1. Toes running in place
Use your toes to gently and alternately run on the spot in a rhythmic manner, preferably 140 to 170 times per minute. It can change your mood, focus your energy, and enhance your memory.
2. Hot feet and massage
Before going to bed every night, prepare a basin of hot water, with a water temperature of about 40 ° C. Wash your feet, cool the water, and add hot water to maintain the temperature. Wash for more than 20 minutes each time. After soaking your feet, rub the soles of your feet with your palms, then massage the insteps and pull each toe. This can not only eliminate fatigue, promote blood circulation, improve sleep quality, but also make the toe fascia stronger and stronger, preventing and treating diseases.
3. Retrograde
Whenever you are sedentary or tired, you can slowly walk down the floor or courtyard for tens of minutes. Can promote blood circulation in the Achilles tendon, foot and other parts, and is conducive to lumbar kidney health.
In addition, when the seasons change, because there will be more obvious environmental changes, we must also pay attention to psychological adjustment and maintain a healthy and peaceful mentality to prevent adverse emotional injuries.
Eat the right food to get the best nutrition
Traditional Chinese medicine pays attention to "the unity of heaven and man", and eating seasonal food is an important aspect of keeping in good health on time. No matter what food, only in its season can it grow the fullest and most nutritious. The out-of-season food obtained through some cultivation techniques has only its shape and no spirit.
The third part of the longevity revolution is to keep up with health. The highest state of health is to respond to the "time" (2)
Since ancient times, traditional Chinese medicine has emphasized "the unity of heaven and man". The choice of food varies not only depending on individual constitution, but also has a great correlation with the seasonal climate of nature. "Improving health with time" is not only an important principle of TCM health, but also an important principle for improving human immunity. As the "Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor" states: "The health of the wise must also avoid the heat and cold all the time."
Our diet must adapt to the natural changes of the four seasons in order to achieve the purpose of maintaining the body and maintaining good health. Dry weather tends to hurt the kidneys, hot weather tends to hurt the heart and lungs, windy and windy weather tends to hurt the liver, and cold or wet or hot weather tends to hurt the spleen and stomach. People's diet must be different under different weather and climate conditions. "Dining is about to eat" records: "Spring temperature, it is best to eat wheat to cool; summer air is hot, it is best to eat crickets to cold; autumn is cool, it is appropriate to eat hemp to moisturize its dryness; Heal its cold with heat. "It is about the principle of different food intake according to different seasons.
1. Spring: moist and warm foods to strengthen the spleen
Spring is blooming, Vientiane is renewed, the climate is pleasant, the relative humidity in the air is higher than 60%, and the temperature is between 20 ° C and 32 ° C. In this weather, the human body's metabolism is more active, and it is very suitable to eat onions, wheat, dates, peanuts and other foods. The ancients also believed that: spring diverges, acid should be eaten to converge, so pay attention to seasoning with acid in spring.
Foods that are lighter and milder and that support righteousness and vitality are the best choice for spring food supplements. If you are too weak, you can eat more spleen-enriching food, such as rice porridge, sweet potatoes, yam, potatoes, eggs, peanuts, sesame, jujube, chestnuts, honey, milk and so on. Those who prefer qi and yin can eat more foods that nourish qi and nourish yin, such as carrots, bean sprouts, tofu, lotus root, lotus root, lily, white fungus, mushrooms, etc. In addition, you should eat low-fat, high-vitamin, high-mineral foods in spring, such as fresh
Amaranth, rapeseed, celery, spinach, malantou, wolfberry, toon, etc. This pair of people who have eaten ointment in the winter and have a thick flavor and high heat caused by near fire can also play a role in clearing heat and detoxifying, cooling blood, Tongli second stool, spleen appetizer and other effects.
2. Summer: Light and nourishing negative foods to cope with high temperature and humidity
In the hot summer, the human body consumes a lot of energy. The relative humidity in the air is higher than 70%, and the temperature is higher than 32 ° C, so that people's appetite is generally reduced and their digestive ability is weakened. The diet should focus on nourishing yin, relieving summer heat, and changing food. The diet should be light and refreshing and can stimulate appetite. Pay attention to the coordination of food color, aroma, and taste to increase appetite. You can also eat a variety of cold vegetables and eat melon fruits, drink herbal tea, plum soup, etc., but do not eat cold foods, so as not to damage the spleen and stomach.
3. Autumn: Dry and cold foods
The autumn is high and airy, the relative humidity in the air is 40%, and the temperature is between 50 ° C and 20 ° C. The climate is pleasant. However, in the late autumn season, "Xie Xie" is apt to commit lung injury and cause dryness, dry nose, hoarseness, and astringent skin. "Dry is moist", eat less hot food such as pepper, shallot, white wine, etc., eat more moist and warm foods, such as sesame, glutinous rice, radish, lily, tofu, taro, white fungus, duck meat, pear, persimmon, Bananas, apples, etc., drink more honey water, light tea, vegetable soup, soy milk, lotus seed soup, etc. to moisturize the lungs, nourish the yin and dry. When tonic, follow the principles of "buying but not sharp" and "preventing dryness and not getting tired".
4. Winter: nourish positive foods to cope with dry and cold weather
Colds strike in winter, yin and yang fade, relative humidity in the air is 40%, and air temperature is below 5 ° C. The winter food supplement should be "three nine supplement one winter, no illness in the coming year", which will help promote the body's metabolism and improve the phenomenon of "chills". Should eat more high-calorie foods, pay attention to Yang Yang, "If the deficiency is to supplement it, cold is warm." "Qian Jin Yi Fang" records: "In the autumn and winter, warm the belly." In winter, eat more calorie-rich foods such as eggs, poultry, and meat. You must also pay attention to a balanced diet, eat more vegetables, and eat some "hot fruits" appropriately. , Such as citrus, litchi, hawthorn, and drink some medicinal wine, rice wine and so on.
The third part of the longevity revolution is to keep up with health. The highest state of health is to respond to the "time" (3)
Diet is an element of health, and seasonal climate is an element of diet. In order to win health, a reasonable diet is essential, and you can choose to eat and treat with the four seasons to protect your health.
Nourishing the liver in spring, protecting the heart in summer, nourishing the lungs in autumn, nourishing the kidneys in winter
To the ancients, spring, summer, autumn, and winter each had their corresponding organs. Spring belongs to wood, corresponding to liver; summer belongs to fire, corresponding to heart; autumn corresponds to lung; winter corresponds to kidney. To maintain health, we must know how to protect the corresponding organs in different seasons.
Nowadays, a healthy motto is popular: "Status is temporary, honor is past, money is out of body, and health is your own!" In fact, if you want to be healthy, you must pay attention to the relationship between seasons and viscera. We need to protect the corresponding organs in different seasons so that we can keep the disease out of the door and be safe every year.
1. Spring Liver
Corresponds to the liver in spring. The liver belongs to wood, and the citrullus corresponds to the yang phase of spring. Therefore, in the spring, health should be adapted to the natural characteristics of yang qi to rise smoothly, and the liver is the priority.
First of all, you should pay attention to mental adjustment, keep your mood comfortable, and avoid angry. The second is to pay attention to strengthening exercise, and get more fresh air outdoors. In terms of diet maintenance, it is advisable to eat more foods that supplement yang, for example, onions, garlic, and chives are good products for nourishing liver and nourishing yang; spinach is good for liver and blood, and should be eaten frequently; You can eat more in spring. In addition to protecting the liver in spring, you should also pay attention to adding trace element selenium, and eat more plants and animals rich in selenium, such as sea fish, sea shrimp, beef, quail eggs, sesame, almonds, medlars, daylily, etc. to improve the body's immunity Function, conducive to health.
Some people are prone to cramps and diarrhea in the spring. In the five elements, liver belongs to wood and spleen belongs to soil. The liver qi is too strong, and the qi and blood are poured into the liver meridian too much, and the spleen meridian will be relatively weak. The spleen main blood is responsible for transporting blood to irrigate the whole body. At this time, you can take red dates, yam barley porridge, etc. to strengthen the spleen and nourish blood, spleen and blood are sufficient, the liver and spleen will be peaceful and unbiased.
2. Summer Heart
The "Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor" records: "The heart of the life of the heart ... is the sun in the sun, and it should be in the summer air." In the four seasons of the year, summer is a fire, the fire is in the heart, the fire is Yang, and the sun is active. In addition, the heart is dirty and the two fires meet. Therefore, the mind is easily disturbed and disturbed, and it causes uneasiness and annoyance; upset will speed up the heartbeat, and it will increase the burden of the heart, which is not conducive to raising the heart. Therefore, in the summer, you must first be calm, "Calm is naturally cool", and static is born with yin, and yin and yang are coordinated to maintain the heart.
3. Fall lung
Among the five elements, the lungs are gold and flourish in autumn. Because the lungs like clearing and moisturizing, the main breath is connected to the atmosphere, the outer skin is fur, and it is similar to the large intestine.因此,秋季养生应注意护阴润燥,以养肺为先。
在饮食上要少辛增酸,即少吃一些辛辣的食物,多吃一些酸性食品以及新鲜蔬菜等。另外,南朝医药学家陶弘景提出的“延年六字诀”中的“咽字功法”,可收定金润肺之功。具体方法是:两足分开,宽与肩等,双手高举过头,然后迈出左脚,足尖点地向前走一步;挺胸,双手向后一扬即吸气。注意用鼻吸气,用意将气送至丹田,再将气缓缓从口呼出;呼出气时念“咽”字,或默念或轻声。此法每日做18次,长久坚持下去,可以起到清肃肺金,调护和强健肺气的作用。
长寿的革命第三部分顺时而养·养生的最高境界是随“时”应变(4)
4. Winter kidney
冬季是自然界万物闭藏的季节,人体的阳气也要潜藏于内。由于阳气的闭藏,人体新陈代谢水平相应降低,因而需要生命的原动力“肾”来发挥作用,以保证生命活动适应自然界的变化。人体能量和热量总来源于肾,也就是人们常说的“火力”。“火力”旺说明肾脏机能强,生命力也强;反之,生命力就弱。冬天,肾脏机能正常可调节机体适应严冬的变化;否则将会导致心脏代谢失调而发病。综上所述,冬季养生的重点是“防寒养肾”。
因此,冬季养生应早睡晚起,穿贴身而暖和的衣物,多呼吸新鲜空气,多晒晒太阳,多吃一些炖羊肉、鸡汤等能够温肾、补肾的热食,以升高体温,补充能量和营养。
“夏天一碗绿豆汤,解毒去暑赛仙方”
中国民间广为流传着“夏天一碗绿豆汤,解毒去暑赛仙方”的健康谚语,这告诉我们,在酷热难耐的夏天,喝上一碗绿豆汤,便可以清热解毒,健康避暑。
夏季,人体内的阳气最旺,这个时候由于天气炎热,人们往往会吃很多寒凉的东西,损伤阳气。而绿豆虽性寒,可清热解暑,同时有养肠胃、补益元气的功效,实在是夏天的济世良谷。
中医认为,绿豆性味甘寒,入心、胃经,具有清热解毒、消暑利尿之功效。《本草纲目》记载:绿豆消肿下气,治寒热,止泻痢,利小便,除胀满,厚实肠胃,补益元气,调和五脏,安精神,去浮风,润皮肤,解金石、砒霜、草木等一切毒。
现代研究认为,绿豆中所含蛋白质、磷脂均有兴奋神经、增进食欲的功能,为机体许多重要脏器增加所需营养;绿豆中的多糖成分能增强血清脂蛋白酶的活性,使脂蛋白中甘油三酯水解,达到降血脂的疗效,从而可以防治冠心病、心绞痛;绿豆中含有一种球蛋白和多糖,能促进动物体内胆固醇在肝脏中分解成胆酸,加速胆汁中胆盐分泌并降低小肠对胆固醇的吸收;绿豆对葡萄球菌以及某些病毒有抑制作用,能清热解毒;绿豆含有丰富的胰蛋白酶抑制剂,可以保护肝脏,减少蛋白分解,从而保护肾脏。
不过,虽然绿豆有诸多好处,这里还要提醒大家,体质虚弱的人不要多喝绿豆汤。从中医的角度看,寒证的人也不要多喝。另外,由于绿豆具有解毒的功效,所以正在吃中药的人也不要多喝。
最后,再向大家介绍两款贴心的绿豆补品:
1.绿豆排骨汤
材料:排骨350克,红枣50克,绿豆50克,姜10克,清水1200克,盐5克,鸡精3克,糖1克。
做法:将排骨斩件汆水,红枣洗净,姜切片,绿豆洗净待用;洗净锅上火,放入清水、排骨、姜片、绿豆、红枣,大火烧开,转中火煲45分钟调味即成。
功效:补血、养心、安神。
2.绿豆薏米粥
材料:绿豆20克,薏仁20克,冰糖适量。
做法:薏仁及绿豆洗净后,用清水浸泡隔夜;薏仁加3杯水放入锅内,大火煮沸后,改用小火煮半小时,再放入绿豆煮至熟烂;加入冰糖调味即可。
功效:清热补肺、消暑利水、美白润肤。
秋季滋阴润燥,麦冬、百合少不了
由于在夏季出汗过多,体液损耗较大,人在秋季就容易出现燥症,即我们常说的“秋燥”,所以我们需要滋阴润燥。在这方面,选用麦冬和百合再合适不过了。
由于夏天出汗过多,体液损耗较大,身体各组织都会感觉缺水,人在秋季就容易出现口干舌燥、便秘、皮肤干燥等病症,也就是我们常说的“秋燥”。
《本草纲目》里说,麦冬可以养阴生津、润肺清心,适用于肺燥干咳、津伤口渴、心烦失眠、内热消渴及肠燥便秘等。而百合入肺经,补肺阴,清肺热,润肺燥而止,对“肺脏热,烦闷咳嗽”有效。所以,要防止秋燥,用麦冬和百合最适宜。
至于如何用麦冬和百合来滋阴润燥,还有一些小窍门。
长寿的革命第三部分顺时而养·养生的最高境界是随“时”应变(5)
1.西洋参麦冬茶
秋季需要护气,尤其是肺气和心气,如平时应尽量少说话。不过,那样也只能减少气的消耗,而真正需要的是补气,而补气佳品非西洋参麦冬茶莫属。
材料:西洋参10克,麦冬10克。
做法:泡水,代茶饮,每天1次。
2.蜜蒸百合
秋天多风少雨,气候干燥,皮肤更需要保养,多食百合有滋补、养颜、护肤的作用。但百合因甘寒质润,凡风寒咳嗽、大便稀溏、脾胃虚弱者忌用。关于具体的吃法,《本草纲目》中记载了这样一个润肺的方子。
材料:百合200克,蜂蜜适量。
做法:用新百合加蜜蒸软,时时含一片吞津。
除此之外,预防秋燥,补水同样必不可少。秋季天气干燥,要多吃滋阴润燥的食物,如梨、糯米、蜂蜜等;常吃些酸性食物,如山楂、秋梨膏、柚子等,具有收敛、补肺的功能。尽量不要吃辛辣食物。
再有,秋季人体内的阳气顺应自然界的变化,开始收敛,故不宜添加过多的衣服。然而,深秋时候天气变冷,应加衣以预防感冒。此时,运动也是一个不错的方法,如打羽毛球、爬山、慢跑、散步、打篮球、登山等。还有一个非常简便的方法:晨起闭目,采取坐势,叩齿36次;舌在口中搅拌,口中液满后,分3次咽下;在意念的作用下把津液送到丹田,进行腹式呼吸,用鼻吸气,舌舔上腭,用口呼气。连续做10次。
寒冬潜阳理气,就找大白菜
冬季,人体的阳气处于潜藏的状态,我们需要食用一些具有滋阴潜阳理气功效的食物。于是,大白菜就成了这个季节的宠儿。
大白菜是冬季上市最主要的蔬菜种类,有“菜中之王”的美称。由于大白菜营养丰富,味道清鲜适口,做法多种,又耐贮藏,所以是人们常年食用的蔬菜。
但是,为什么冬天是人们吃大白菜最多的时候呢?因为冬季天气寒冷,人体的阳气处于潜藏的状态,需要食用一些具有滋阴潜阳理气功效的食物,于是大白菜就成了这个季节的宠儿。
千万别小看价格低廉的大白菜,其营养价值很高。它含蛋白质、脂肪、膳食纤维、水分、钾、钠、钙、镁、铁、锰、锌、铜、磷、硒、胡萝卜素、尼克酸、维生素等多种营养成分,对人体有很好的保健作用。由于其所含热量低,还是肥胖病及糖尿病患者很好的辅助食品;含有的微量元素钼,能阻断亚硝胺等致癌物质在人体内的生成,是很好的防癌佳品。
中医认为,大白菜味甘,性平,有养胃利水、解热除烦之功效,可用于治疗感冒、发烧口渴、支气管炎、咳嗽、食积、便秘、小便不利、冻疮、溃疡出血、酒毒、热疮等。例如,《本草纲目》中说大白菜“甘渴无毒,利肠胃”等。
同时,大白菜还是一款美容佳蔬,其丰富的维生素E是脂质抗氧化剂,能够抑制过氧化脂质的形成。皮肤出现色素沉着、老年斑的生成,就是由于过氧化脂质增多造成的。所以,常吃大白菜,能防止过氧化脂质引起的皮肤色素沉着,抗皮肤衰老,减缓老年斑的出现。
不过,需要注意的是,白菜在凉拌和炖菜时最好与萝卜分开来,不要混杂在一起,那样可能会产生一些相互破坏营养成分的不利影响。患有慢性胃炎和溃疡病的人,应少吃大白菜。
北方地区的居民还经常把大白菜腌制成酸菜。专家提醒,经常吃酸菜对健康不利,特别是大白菜在腌制9天时,是亚硝酸盐含量最高的时候,因此腌制白菜至少要15天以后再食用,以免造成亚硝酸盐中毒。
长寿的革命第三部分顺时而养·养生的最高境界是随“时”应变(6)
也有些人喜欢吃炖白菜,实际上各种蔬菜都是急火快炒较有营养,炖的过程中各种营养素,尤其是维生素C的含量会损失较多。
最后,向大家推荐一款海米白菜汤,它具有排毒养颜、预防感冒的功效。
材料:白菜心250克,海米30克,高汤500克,火腿6克,水发冬菇两朵,精盐3克,味精2克,鸡油6克。
做法:将白菜心切成长条,用沸水稍烫,捞出控净水,海米用温水泡片刻,火腿切成长条片,把冬菇摘洗净,挤干水后,切成两半;汤勺内加高汤、火腿、冬菇、海米、白菜条、精盐烧开,撇去浮沫,待白菜烂时加味精,淋上鸡油即成。
春天,用心体会大自然的生机
中国一直提倡的“天人合一”,其实就是将自己与天地万物融为一体,用我们的心灵去感受自然界的各种声色气味,去感受自然的空灵、澄澈、纯净。于是,春游便不仅是舒活筋骨的简单活动,更是我们用心体会自然生机,与大自然交流信息的一种有效方式。
每当春分过后,很多学校总会组织学生们到郊外进行春游。其实,从养生角度,春游是人类融入大自然的最好方式。
春雷一响,惊醒了沉睡一个冬天的万事万物,大地苏醒,草木萌发,人体也在这时候萌发新的生机。过了春分,到了清明和谷雨,草木已经舒展开来,花也开了,风也暖了,到处生机勃勃,我们在这个时候也该舒展心情、舒活筋骨了,到春暖花开的地方,漫步在大自然中,与大自然交流信息。要知道,花是植物生机在封藏了整整一个冬天后的集中喷发,只有开花才能结果,其中孕育着果实,更孕育着生机。看到盛开的鲜花、盎然的草木,要以喜悦的心情和它们多交流,以物我交融的意念细细体会它们的生机。将灼灼其华的繁盛景象映入脑海,将沁人的馨香植入心田,这样你就摄取了它们的生机。将自己融入大自然当中,身体就更加富有生机。
我们常看到成群结队的老年人有组织地去春游,登山望景、观鸟赏花,事实上,这是一种非常自然的养生方式。人之所以区别于其他生物,就在于我们拥有能够与自然交流和沟通的心灵世界。倘若你对生机这样一个看似抽象的东西根本不相信,在生活中不去主动摄取、领受,那么生机自然无法与你接近,你当然就体会不到,慢慢也会令自己没了生机。
《黄帝内经·灵枢》中有一篇叫《九宫八风》,说的是风有八向,从西北方向吹来的风叫折风,折便是折杀消损之意,而从东方吹来的风叫婴儿风。我们都知道,婴儿是人生命的起点,是生长最快的阶段之一,所以婴儿风与生长育化相关。这种风就像信使一样,将种子传播到四面八方,帮助自然界诸多植物的繁衍生殖。可见,风实乃化育万物的重要因素,所以感受春的气息,莫过于沐浴一下醉人的春风了。那动人心弦的春风,不仅是自然万物之间的媒介,也是我们人类与自然万物的媒介。在春风里,我们与自然万物交换着生命的信息。
所以,在百草萌生的春季,你应该主动去亲近自然,舒展身心,将自己融入这一片清新天地,捕捉缕缕生机,将这份欣欣向荣植入心田,作为滋养五脏六腑的营养。正如老子所言:“人法地,地法天,天法道,道法自然。”
长寿的革命第三部分十二时辰的养生法则(1)
第十一章十二时辰的养生法则
子时:上床就寝,养护胆气
夜里23点到凌晨1点,也就是子时,是体内阳气开始生发的时候,生机已起。此时,应安稳入睡,才能保证健康长寿。
熬夜的朋友大多有这样的体会,晚上*点钟的时候会很困,但11点后便清醒了。这是因为夜里11点到凌晨1点,也就是子时,是体内阳气开始生发的时候,生机已起。既然如此,我们是不是就应该在这个清醒的时候努力工作、娱乐一下或吃顿夜宵呢?
从养生角度,答案是否定的!
《黄帝内经》有言:“凡十一脏取决于胆。”就是说,人体11个脏器都取决于胆,取决于胆气的生发,如果胆气能生发起来,人体就会很好,所以一定要让胆气生发起来并把它养好。在十二生肖里,子为鼠,故在子时,人体的阳气虽小如老鼠,但异常活跃。那么,具体应如何保养这些生机呢?
身体经过白天的忙碌,到子时已不能承受过度的负荷,所以应该放松心情进入梦乡。如果这个时候不入睡,其他脏腑就会“抗议”,甚至“*”,到那个时候就算“补牢”也有些晚了,因为“羊”——脏腑已经“亡”了。
足少阳胆经示意图
一些老中医主张在冬至这天喝羊肉汤或吃鸭肉来养阳,这是因为,羊肉是助生发的东西,而“春江水暖鸭先知”。中医认为,子时对应着冬至那天,一般来说,冬至的前一天阴气最盛,因此要在饮食上进行调养。把生机养好了,做事都顺当,否则“一春损,百度损”。
同时,子时是胆经当令,改善肝胆的功能,最简单的办法就是经常锻炼胆经。每天敲胆经300下,胆经顺畅了,人所有的忧虑、恐惧、犹豫不决等都随着胆经的通畅排解出去,肝胆必定会日益强壮而没有无谓的损耗,从而实现身心健康。
另外,胆经上有很多特效穴位:阳陵泉治两肋疼痛,光明穴可治老花眼,悬钟治落枕,风市可治各种皮肤痒疹。胆经上的穴位气感明显而强烈,如能善加利用,都有极好的效果。
丑时:养肝吉时,熟睡为宜
凌晨1点到3点为肝脏排毒的最旺盛时期,是肝经当令,如果不让身体进入睡眠状态,肝脏就无法完成代谢废物的任务。
有一次,朋友夜里2点给我打电话,说打麻将三缺一,想让我去替补一位。本来睡得正香,突然被他的电话吵醒,我非常不高兴,冲着话筒毫不客气地说:“你不要命了,我可还要我的肝呢!”第二天中午,朋友又打电话给我,说他对我昨晚的话一头雾水,问我是不是在说梦话。
其实,我哪里是说梦话,明明是说实话! do you know?凌晨1点到3点,即丑时,是肝经当令,也是肝脏排毒的最旺盛时期,此时若不让身体进入睡眠状态,肝脏就无法完成代谢废物的任务,健康、养生、长寿均无从谈起。
足厥阴肝经示意图
在十二生肖中,“丑”为“牛”,就是说丑时的生发之气虽然更大,但是不能只升不降,要想有更大的作为,必须有所约束收敛。中医“肝为将军之官,谋略出焉”,也表达同样的意思。将军不只要英勇善战,还要考虑再三才能出击,这就像一个人在事业做得很兴盛的时候,恰恰应该低下头,把自己放在最低点一样。
那么,如何使肝气畅通,让人体气机生发呢?
答案就是要配合肝经的工作。具体做起来就是睡觉,从而使肝气很好地生发起来。另外一个养肝气的方法就是按摩肝经,但是我们又不可能在凌晨1点到3点的时候起来按摩肝经,怎么办呢?可以在晚上7点到9点的时候按摩心包经,因为心包经和肝经属于同名经,所以在这一阶段按摩心包经也能起到刺激肝经的作用。
长寿的革命第三部分十二时辰的养生法则(2)
虽然睡觉养肝是再简单不过的事,但是对于很多经常应酬的人来说,这个时候可能正在兴头上,一笔生意就要谈成了,精神正处于兴奋状态,根本不可能睡觉,这就给脂肪肝、乙肝等疾病造就了“舒适的温床”。因此,要想把肝脏养好,丑时一定要睡觉。
寅时:以静制动,深度睡眠
人体的气机讲求顺其自然,也是从肺经开始的,凌晨3点到5点是阳气的开端,所以这个时间就是人从静变为动的一个开始,是转化的过程,需要深度睡眠。
凌晨3点到5点,即寅时,是正月真正的开始,就是我们一年的开始。对应到人体,寅时是肺经当令。人体的气机讲求顺其自然,也是从肺经开始的,这个时候是阳气的开端,是人从静变为动的一个开始,也就是转化的过程,所以需要深度睡眠。
有些老人到这个时候容易早醒,实际上是气血能量已经不够了。如果这个时候醒来小便的话,代表老人比较虚;如果这个时候醒来,同时是大汗淋漓的话,就要高度注意了,因为可能因为气血不足导致心脏病的发生。这也是为什么凌晨三四点钟心脏病人容易出现死亡的原因。
《黄帝内经》认为,春天的时候人要散步,但要慢慢散步,让生发之机慢慢起来,不要一下子就起来。就是说,第一要缓缓地生发,第二要精神放松。所以在此提醒大家,心脏功能不太好的话不提倡早锻炼,有心脏病的人一定要晚点起床,同时要慢慢地起床,而且不主张早上锻炼。晚上是一片阴霾之气,你可以活跃一下,而早晨是阳气生发的时候,就顺其生发好了。
在中医里,肺为“相傅之官”,一日之中,寅时身体各部分对血、气的需求量都开始增加,这时肺这个“相傅之官”就要担当起均衡天下(身体)的职责,一旦“宣发”、“肃降”失职,后果往往很严重。因此,在寅时一定要让自己进入深度睡眠。
卯时:积极起床,排出糟粕
早上5点至7点的时候,是大肠经值班,天也基本亮了,所以我们该起床了。此时,我们应该正常排便,把垃圾毒素排出来。
早上5点至7点,也就是卯时,是大肠经值班,这个时候天也基本亮了,天门开了,故该起床了。而且,这个时候代表地户开,又叫肛门要开,所以我们应该正常排便,把垃圾毒素排出来。
中医讲究表里,所谓表里,就是一阴一阳组合的,大肠与肺相表里,肺气足了才有大便。肺是阴,主内;大肠是阳,主外。打个比方,人在大便的时候,通常会有个习惯性的动作:憋气,这是因为肺是主气的,这个时候要憋一口气,然后大便才下来。所以,如果生病了去找中医,医生首先会问二便(大、小便)。千万别大意,因为这是一个很重要的情况,问大便就是要知道你心肺功能如何。如果心血旺的话,那么大便是成形的,而且是很粗的。所以,小孩的大便和老人的大便不一样,小孩的大便又粗又大又长,可是到年老的时候,都拉得特别细,说*肺功能差了,这就叫肺与大肠相表里。心肺功能好的话,大便功能就好。
卯时起床后,最好先空腹喝一杯凉开水,刺激大肠,有利于晨便。这样才能排出体内垃圾,减少大便中毒素对身体的毒害。
大肠经有一个很重要的功能,就是“津”的功能,所谓“津”,是往外渗透的力量。津的力量过强时,就会便秘;如果津的力量特别弱时,就会拉稀。而津的力量的强与弱又和别的脏器密切相关,所以用吃泻药的办法来治疗便秘是很不明智的,它会消耗人体的元气。治病是治“津”的功能,如果大便总是不正常的话,就是肺的功能弱了,应该从养肺的方面入手。
长寿的革命第三部分十二时辰的养生法则(3)
由于卯时是大肠经当令的时间,这时候大肠经运行最旺盛,按摩效果也最好。将左手自然下垂,右手过来敲左臂,一敲就是大肠经。敲时有酸胀的感觉。
手阳明大肠经示意图
辰时:天地阳盛,进食滋补
从子时开始到卯时,是人体的重新再分配,到了辰时,即早晨7点到9点,天地阳气最旺,所以此时吃早饭最容易消化,而且是我们身体一天运作的重要保证。
辰时是指早晨7点到9点,是胃经当令。胃经是人体正面很长的一条经脉,不仅胃疼是胃经的问题,膝盖疼、脚面疼也属于胃经病,这些地方都是胃经循行路线。现在很多女孩子长青春痘,治疗实际上也要从胃经入手。通常长青春痘的年轻人喜欢吃冷饮,损伤的就是胃气。
从子时开始到卯时,实际上是人体的重新再分配,这时候吃早饭,就是要补充营养。接下来的辰时是天地阳气最旺的时候,吃早饭最容易消化。如果不吃早饭,会严重影响身体一天的运作,长期下去,对人体的损伤也非常大,令人很容易卷入疾病的旋涡。
中医认为,胃是人体的后天之本。早餐最好摄入一天营养的30%~50%,以保证一天的活力。有些人为了减肥,就采取不吃早餐的办法,殊不知,这样会适得其反。因为吃早饭是不会发胖的,有脾经和胃经在运化,所以早饭一定要吃多、吃好。
毫不夸张地说,早饭如春雨一般“贵如油”,所以千万不能省略。
巳时:广纳营养,理家读书
上午9点到11点,这个时候是脾经当令。此时,适合理家或读书,如果不需要上班,到户外去晒晒太阳也是不错的选择。
上午9点到11点,是脾经当令。脾主运化,指早上吃的饭在这个时候开始运化。如果把我们的胃比做一口锅,饭的消化就要靠火,把脾胃里的东西一点点腐化掉。那么,脾是什么呢?脾的右边是一个卑鄙的卑,就像古代的一个烧火丫头,在旁边加点柴,扇点风,这些东西都会补充到人的身体里。
从病理学的角度来讲,在中医里就有脾病的定义。比如说糖尿病,所谓的胰岛素和脾都是相关的。还有重症肌无力的问题,到了老年的时候,每个人都有一些这样的症状,有点肌无力。
脾主一身的肌肉,很多思虑过度的人身体消瘦,所以古代人讲心宽体胖,人心宽的话,就放松,浑身长的都是肌肉,因此不要思虑过度。现在孩子被家长逼着学习,不能活动,就变成虚胖,有的小孩身体越来越差,这也和脾有关。
人体自身的脾需要运动,而我们的肌肉也需要运动。在属相里,巳和蛇相对应,蛇在古代就是大蚯蚓,它有钻土的能力,能够把土地疏松,脾就具有这种功能。脾经当令时,适合理家或读书,如果不需要上班,到户外去晒晒太阳也是不错的选择。
由于脾经在巳时当令,所以养生可以在这个时候按摩脾经上的几个重点穴位,如太白、三阴交、阴陵泉、血海等。疏通了脾经,可以很好地维持人体平衡阴阳,防病祛病。
足太阴脾经示意图
午时:吃好睡好,多活十年
中午11点到13点,即午时,是人体阴阳交替的时辰,心经值班。此阶段,吃好午餐,配以甜美的午间小憩,我们就可以轻松地多活十年。
中午11点到13点,这个时候是心经值班。中国文化特别重视子时和午时,午时的特点就是午时一阴生。
长寿的革命第三部分十二时辰的养生法则(4)
一上午的运化全是阳气,这个时候就是一阴生。子时和午时是天地气机的转换点,人体也要注重这种天地之气的转换点。
在这阴阳交替的时辰,心经最旺,有利于周身血液循环,心火生胃土有利于消化,但最好静坐或闭目休息一下再进餐。午餐应美食,所谓美食,不是指山珍海味,而是要求食物暖软,不要吃生冷坚硬的食物。还要注意最好多醋少盐,并且只吃八分饱。食后用茶漱口,涤去油腻,然后午休。
中医认为心为“君主之官,神明出焉”,而午时正是阴生,阴气忤逆阳气之时,正所谓“阴阳相搏谓之神”,此时睡眠最能养精气神,所以子时一定要睡觉,午时一定要小憩。
午时对应的属相是马,马的性子非常烈,马属火。我们的心就像一匹烈马,永远努力工作着,因此一定要善待它。午时最好处于休息状态。
未时:消化食物,静养心神
未时指下午13点到15点,是小肠经当令。在这个吸收和消化食物的时候,若美美地睡上一觉,长寿也是水到渠成的事。
下午13点到15点,是小肠经当令。在前一个时辰,要把午饭吃好,但是如果吸收不好的话,就会在人体形成垃圾。
中医里,心脏为君主之官,是没有什么过错的,于是总有人要代君受过。如果你是一个臣子,你就要明白,有事的时候就要担当,要代君受过。如果下午两三点出现脸红心跳的问题,实际上是心脏在警示了,因为脸红就是一个心火外散的现象。
刚刚出生的婴儿,皮肤基本上是黄里偏红,因为小孩的光是被细毛含在里面的,所以小孩不会出现红光满面。老人是因为脸上那一层细毛退掉了,没有东西含着它,所以才出现了光。千万别以为红光满面是什么好事,尤其是出现了红色桃花状,就好像化妆了一样,这是很危险的。特别是在眉毛的正中间,如出现红如灯花状,是非常不好的。因此,下午13点到15点的时候若出现了一些病症,要往心脏那里想。
未时对应的生肖是羊。“羊”字下面加“大”字就是“美”,在中国传统文化里,美的概念首先是要满足口腹之欲,因此未时是主滋味的,这个时间有助于吸收和消化。
所以,从养生角度,此时最好能午睡一觉,为食物在身体里的吸收和消化提供良好的环境保证。当然,如果实在睡不着或没有条件,也可以选择练气功、邀友弈棋、看看报纸,或者做点家务。
申时:补水排毒,夕而习复
下午15点到17点的时候是膀胱经当令,它的旺盛,有利于泻掉小肠下注的水液及周身的“火气”,所以这时我们一定要做好补水排毒的工作。
下午15点到17点,即申时,是膀胱经当令。作为人体很重要的经脉之一,膀胱经在中医里号称太阳。它是从足后跟沿着小腿、后脊柱正中间的两旁,一直上到脑部,是一条大的经脉。申时气血运行到膀胱,膀胱经旺,有利于泻掉小肠下注的水液及周身的“火气”。
有的人小腿疼,就很可能是膀胱经的问题,而且是阳虚,是太阳经虚的表现。后脑疼也是膀胱经的问题,记忆力衰退也是和膀胱经有关的。主要原因是阳气上不来,上面的气血不够,所以会出现记忆力衰退的现象。
千万不要把膀胱经理解为储尿器。申时在十二生肖里是猴子,猴子是上蹿下跳的,膀胱经是可以上蹿下跳的经脉,所以古代讲“朝而受业,夕而习复”。这个时间段是学习的好阶段,一般情况下,正常人在这个时间段的判断力是非常好的。这是因为气血容易上输于脑部,学习效率就会很高。
长寿的革命第三部分十二时辰的养生法则(5)
申时吃些水果或者给身体补充水分,能够有效排除毒素,不仅美容养颜,而且能让健康常驻。
有的人也许会说“我这个时候就是难受”,这说明身体出现了问题,如果这个时候犯困,则是阳虚。
此外,申时还特别适合读名人诗文,或练书法,或去田园绿地,或观落霞。
酉时:饭后散步,长寿百年
如果说卯时代表一天或一年的开门,那酉时(17点到19点)则代表一天或一年的关门。此时肾经当令,适宜吃晚餐。同时,科学地饭后走一走,方能活到九十九。
“酉”是成就的意思,酉时(17点到19点)则代表一天或一年的关门。人体也像自然天地一样,从这一时刻起开始进入秋冬的收敛收藏时机。此时身体所表现出来的病变,往往是肾的收藏功能出现了问题,如发低热是肾气大伤,尤其是青春期或新婚后的男子要注意这一点。
酉时是肾经当令。肾主藏精,因此中国人对肾最为关注。那什么是精呢?打个比方,精就像“钱”,什么都可以买。人体细胞组织哪里出现问题,“精”就会变成它或帮助它。精是人体中最具有创造力的一个原始力量,它是支持人体生命活动最基本的一种物质,当你需要什么的时候,把精调出来才可以得到。
从另一个角度讲,元气藏于肾,是我们天生带来的,即所谓的“人活一口气”。所以大家到一定年龄阶段都讲究补肾,而身体自有一套系统,经脉要是不通畅的话,吃多少补品都没用,不是想补就能补进去的,一定要看自己的消化吸收能力。
肾精足的一个表现就是志向。例如,老人精不足志向就不高远,小孩精足志向就高远。所以,人要想做大事,首先就要保住自己的肾精。
酉时适宜吃晚餐。晚餐宜少,可饮一小杯酒,但不可醉;用热水洗脚,可以降火、活血、除湿;晚漱口,涤去饮食之毒气残物,对牙齿有好处。
吃过了饭,最好在适当的时候活动一下,而不是立即睡觉或一动不动地看电视。俗话说:“饭后百步走,能活九十九。”但这个“走”是有讲究的。饭后的胃正处于充盈状态,需要足够的血液才能保证消化,如果饭后立即活动,血液就会分散一部分用于满足其他部位的需要,因而不利于消化。故饭后最好休息半小时再走动。
还要注意的是,冬季室内外温差较大,在外进餐后不宜立即出去。饭后应坐下来休息一下,20~30分钟以后再活动。同时,饭后不要立即饮水。许多人刚喝完酒就喝几杯水或茶,以为这样可以稀释酒精的浓度,其实这对身体危害很大。因此,最好饭后半小时再饮水。
戌时:适度娱乐,安抚脏腑
晚上19点到21点,也就是我们所说的戌时,是心包经当令。这个时候,我们拨心包经可以保脏腑平安,还可做一些轻微的活动,然后安眠。
晚上19点到21点是心包经当令。什么是心包呢?心包是心脏外膜组织,主要是保护心肌正常工作的。中医认为,在戌时人体的阳气应该进入阴的接口,这时阴气正盛,阳气将尽,而心包经之“膻中”又主喜乐,通常人们会在这时进行晚间的娱乐活动。
从养生角度,这个时候正是睡前准备阶段,我们可以做一些轻微的活动,然后安眠。至于那些令人兴奋的狂欢活动或应酬活动,以及让人兴奋不已的电视节目,都应尽量避免。
中医认为,我们生病往往是因为脏腑受了邪。然而,心是君主,是不受邪的。那么,邪气袭来,谁来承受呢?答案是心包。很多人出现心脏的毛病都可以归纳为心包经的病。例如,有的人心脏跳得特别厉害,那就是心包受邪了,先是心怦怦地跳,然后毛病就沿着心包经一直走下去。中医治病的原则就是从脏走到腑,所以利用经脉就可以治疗这类病。再比如,有人觉得中指发麻,那就是心包出问题了,因为心包经走中指;如果你觉得小指发麻,那是心脏有问题。另外,大拇指为肺经所主,所以大鱼际发青可能肺寒。老年人一方面要多观察手指,也要多活动手指,对身体有好处。
手厥阴心包经示意图
由于此时心包经当令,所以最好的养生方法就是拨心包经。具体操作很简单,就是用大指掐腋窝的底下,里面有一根心经,这个大经一拨,手指发麻,就算对了。你只要坚持每天拨那个地方,对心脏是很好的,实际上就等于是给心经的一个回路,因为它两边都得拨。
亥时:阴阳和合,安眠长寿
晚上21点到23点是亥时,是我们身体阴阳和合的时段,三焦经值班。这个时候,是*的黄金时刻,其实也是通过男女的交合配合身体完成阴阳和合的这个过程,达到“三交通泰”。
亥时,即晚上21点到23点,三焦经在我们体内值班。什么是“三焦”呢?“焦”的意思是用小火烤小鸟,因此,三焦无论是指人体上、中、下,还是里、中、外,都是指生命处于一团融融温暖的气息中,中国人形容它为“氤氲”,中医把这氤氲交融的状态归属于少阳,故而“亥”这个字就像一男子搂抱一怀孕女子。《说文解字》的第一个字是“一”,最后一个字就是“亥”,如果说“一”在古代文化中代表先天的混沌,那么“亥”字则表示又回到初始的混沌状态,生命的轮回重又开始。
人类的生命与生活,会沿着其本来的秩序运动和发展,都可以在结束的时刻一切又重新开始。所以,亥时我们应该安眠,让身体得到休息和休整,并从这种彻底的休整中孕育新的生机。也就是三焦通百脉,进入睡眠,让百脉休养生息。
手少阳三焦经示意图
同时,亥时是阴阳和合的时段,这个时候是*的黄金时刻,其实也就是通过男女的交合配合身体完成阴阳和合的这个过程,达到“三交通泰”。中医虽然讲究保精忌色,*不能过度,但是身体健康的情况下,和谐的*会令人身心欢愉,激发生机,有益无害。
从位置上来看,三焦经的终点叫丝竹空,就是我们的眼外角,鱼尾纹就长在这个地方,很多女士也会在这个地方长斑,所以经常刺激三焦经就可以减少鱼尾纹和防止长斑;三焦经绕行耳朵,所以耳朵上的疾患如耳聋、耳鸣、耳痛等都可通过刺激本经穴位得到缓解;三焦经从脖子侧后方下行至肩膀小肠经的前面,可以和小肠经合治肩膀痛,还能治疗颈部淋巴结炎、甲状腺肿等发生在颈部的疾病;三焦经顺肩膀而下行到臂后侧,又可治疗肩周炎,再下行通过肘、腕,因此还可治疗网球肘和腱鞘炎。
长寿的革命第三部分辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案(1)
第十二章辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案
判断体质,从辨别阴阳开始
我们都很关心自己的健康,很想了解自己的身体。其实,要了解自己的身体,我们需要了解自己的体质,要做到这一点,首先要学会辨别阴阳。
“阴阳”一词相信大家都不陌生,本书前面已多次提及。其实在中医养生学里,处处体现着阴阳的思想,不仅用阴阳思想来说明人体的组织结构、生理功能、病理变化,还用阴阳指导疾病的诊断和治疗,指导人的养生保健。
就人体而言,左眼睛为阳,右眼睛为阴;上半身为阳,下半身为阴;后面腰背部为阳,前面胸腹部为阴;左半身是阳,右半身是阴;脏是阴,腑是阳。
很多人不解为什么会这样划分,其实这是从功能上分的。例如,五脏的“脏”,在《黄帝内经》里面就写作“藏”,是收藏的意思,所以五脏是属阴的。六腑是通道,是不收藏的,是往外泄的,所以六腑属阳。只要是内敛的就属阴,只要是开放的就属阳。
中医把所有的疾病都分为阴阳、表里、虚实、寒热,这叫“八纲辨证”,实际上就是分阴阳。所谓阴证,指舌淡、气短懒言、口不渴、面色暗淡、脉沉细无力、精神委靡、身倦肢冷、尿清便溏。所谓阳证,指苔黄、脉数有力、神烦气粗、声大多言、口渴饮冷、面红身热、尿赤便干。
根据《黄帝内经》,从阴阳角度划分我们的体质,主要有3类:一类体质是偏阴的,一类是偏阳的,还有一类是既不偏阴也不偏阳的阴阳平和体质。区别是偏阳还是偏阴,关键要看这个人的体质特征是偏热还是偏寒,偏热是偏阳体质,偏寒是偏阴体质。
偏阳体质的人,往往偏热、偏燥、偏动、偏亢奋。其中,偏热是最重要、最明显的,即体温较正常偏高,怕热,喜欢喝冷水。这类人,阳盛了,阴往往就不够,所以易患阳亢的热性病,如大便干燥、易上火、头晕、失眠、心悸、心慌,等等。平时就应该多动少静,避免操劳过度、思虑不节、纵欲失精,否则很容易发展演化为临床常见的阳亢、阴虚、痰火等。
偏阴体质的人,往往偏寒、偏湿、偏静、偏低沉。其中,偏寒、怕冷是最主要的特征。这类人阳气偏弱,易致阳气不足,脏腑功能偏弱,水湿内生,从而发展为临床常见的阳虚、痰湿、痰饮等。
当然了,在做自我判断的时候要注意,不是说每一个人每一条都符合,因此需要抓主要矛盾,注意自身所有的表现中,是偏热较多还是偏寒较多,这一点是最重要的判断标准。
瘦人多火要滋阴,胖人多湿要化痰
生活中,我们总喜欢用“瘦人”和“胖人”来形容人的体态,其实,体态也是一个人体质的反映。中医里有句话“瘦人多火,肥人多湿”,正是某些体质特征的表现。
我们常听到有些人沾沾自喜地说“我怎么吃都不会胖”,殊不知,这类人多是阳气偏盛,容易产生内热而上火,即中医里的“瘦人多火”。
一般来说,他们属于肝肾阴虚水少,因而就会相对地阳气过盛,内热不断而引起上火。如果你仔细观察便会发现,他们多缺乏滋润,形体不充而瘦削,筋骨关节也不柔软。内热上行、虚火上炎常导致失眠烦躁、咽喉疼痛、小便发黄等症。
既然如此,这些瘦人该怎样调理呢?
很简单,补中益气、滋阴养肾。在饮食方面,阴虚体质的女性应常食酸甘食物,如葡萄、苹果、香蕉、枇杷、黄瓜、菠菜、银耳等;尽量少食温燥的食物,如花椒、茴香、桂皮、辣椒、葱、姜、蒜、荔枝、核桃、樱桃等。同时,也不要经常吃猛火爆炒的菜、火锅、麻辣烫。由于人体需要*润滑关节,此类人不宜经常登山。平时遇事要避免着急上火,否则会伤阴。
长寿的革命第三部分辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案(2)
与上述那些瘦人相对应的,还有一类胖人,即肥胖之人或容易发胖的人。通常,他们体内的津液代谢不够畅通,容易产生痰湿,泛溢肌肤或停滞体内,从而形成肥胖。
中医有句话“津液不归正化”。脾主运化,喝进来的水、吃进来的食物,如不能转化为人体可以利用的津液,就会变成“水湿”,“水湿”停聚过多就成了饮,饮积聚过多,又受热邪煎炼,就成了痰。所以,这类人往往是脾出现了问题。
饮食方面,胖人不要吃太饱,吃饭不要太快;平时吃一些偏温燥的食物,如荸荠、紫菜、枇杷、大枣、扁豆、红小豆、蚕豆,还可以多吃点姜;应少吃酸性的、寒凉的、腻滞和生涩的食物,特别是少吃酸的,如乌梅、山楂等。起居方面,这类女性要注意多晒太阳,因为阳光能够散湿气、振奋阳气;湿气重的人可经常泡泡热水澡,最好是泡得全身发红,毛孔张开;同时,日常穿衣服要尽量宽松一些,以利于湿气的散发。
怕冷体质,需要壮壮阳气
有些人总是特别怕冷,尿频、经常腹泻,甚至吃进去的食物不经消化就拉出来。这就表明身体阳虚了,需要壮壮阳气。
有个朋友,快五十岁了,家庭和事业都相当不错,可偏偏有一样甚是不悦。无论春夏秋冬,他的手脚乃至全身总是冰冰的。妻子总跟他开玩笑地说:“一个女的凉冰冰的可以被称为'冰美人',你一个大男人,称呼啥好呢?'冰棍'?”弄得他哭笑不得。
我告诉朋友他可能是阳虚,让他去找个中医看看。后来他给我打电话,说真的被我言中了。其实,从中医角度,阳虚体质的典型症状就是怕冷,且常尿频、腹泻,严重者吃进去的食物不经消化就拉出来,有的还伴有头发稀疏、黑眼圈、口唇发暗、*减退、白带偏多等症状。
这类人,有的是先天禀赋;有的是长期熬夜,慢慢消耗阳气所致;有的是长期用抗生素、激素类药物、清热解毒中药所致;有的是喝凉茶所致;有的是性生活过度或经常在冷气下*所致。
对付阳虚体质,在饮食方面,应少吃或不吃生冷、冰冻之品。例如,柑橘、柚子、香蕉、西瓜、甜瓜、火龙果、马蹄、梨子、柿子、枇杷、甘蔗、苦瓜、黄瓜、丝瓜、芹菜、竹笋、海带、紫菜、绿豆、绿茶等。如果很想吃,也要量少,搭配些温热食物;减少盐的摄入量;多食温热食物,如荔枝、龙眼、板栗、大枣、生姜、韭菜、南瓜、胡萝卜、山药、羊肉、狗肉、鹿肉、鸡肉等;适当调整烹调方式,最好选择焖、蒸、炖、煮的烹调方法。
我们常说养生要多吃水果,但实际上要看自己是什么体质,阳虚、气虚、痰湿的人,吃太多水果会影响胃功能,会伤脾胃。
日常起居方面,阳虚体质的人要注意关节、腰腹、颈背部、脚部保暖。燥热的夏季也要少用空调;不要做夜猫子,保证睡眠充足,通常晚上不要超过12点睡觉,冬天应该不超过晚上11点钟。
同时,这种体质的人平时可选择些安全的中药来保健,如鹿茸、益智仁、桑寄生、杜仲、肉桂、人参等。如果是阳虚腰痛和夜尿多,可以用桑寄生、杜仲加瘦猪肉和核桃煮汤吃。
此外,任脉肚脐以下的神阙、气海、关元、中极这四个穴位有很好的温阳作用,可以在三伏天或三九天,就是最热和最冷的时候,选择1~2个穴位艾灸,每次灸到皮肤发红热烫,但是又能忍受为度。
长寿的革命第三部分辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案(3)
没有活力,往往是血虚了
血液是人体生命活动的重要物质基础,对全身各脏腑组织起着营养作用。如果血虚了,人就会出现头晕、眼花等一系列病症,自然也不会有什么活力。
前不久,一位朋友来找我,说他母亲快过生日了,想为母亲买点补品,问我买什么好。我问他,想给母亲补什么,他迷茫地说:“感觉母亲不像以前那样有活力了,脸色有些苍白,睡觉还打呼噜。我扶她出去散步时,感觉她的手特别凉。但我带她去医院检查,也没查出什么病呀!”
听完,我告诉他什么都不用买了,回去常给母亲做些鸡蛋红糖淀粉糊吧。他半信半疑地回去了,按照我说的,将两勺红糖、一个生鸡蛋、一小撮淀粉放在碗里,搅拌均匀后,用滚烫的开水边冲边搅拌,一碗好吃又好看的补血糊糊就做好了。同时,他也牢记了我说的关键,即在冲开水搅拌的程序,一定要有力,而且必须快。
一个多月后,他打电话给我,说他母亲很喜欢吃鸡蛋红糖淀粉糊,更值得高兴的是,他母亲脸色好多了,比以前有活力不说,手也不那么凉了。他好奇地问我为什么,我说:“你母亲的症状是血虚所致,把血补足了,自然就有活力了。”他连连道谢,挂断了电话。
要知道,血液是人体生命活动的重要物质基础,含有人体所需的各种营养物质,对全身各脏腑组织起着营养作用。如果出现血虚,便会出现一系列的病症,如面容憔悴、苍白无力、头昏眼花、心悸失眠、手足发麻、脉细无力等。
不仅是老人,现在的年轻人、中年人,饮食不节、暴饮暴食、饥饱不调、嗜食偏食、营养不良等原因,均可导致脾胃损伤,不能化生水谷精微,气血来源不足,便会出现血虚。此外,劳作过度、大病、久病消耗精气,或大汗、呕吐等耗伤阳气*;劳力过度易耗伤气血,久之则气虚血亏;劳心太过,易使阴血暗耗、心血亏虚等,也可导致血虚。
中医认为血虚者的养生宗旨是补血养血、益气生血。
人的血液循环同心有关,大脑的血液靠心脏源源不断供给,若思虑过度,就会耗伤心血,所以血虚体质的人不可用脑过度。一旦感到大脑疲劳,就要调节一下,或欣赏鸟语,或观赏风景,使人心情愉快,精神振奋,很快消除疲劳。
这类人,除了平时吃些上面推荐的鸡蛋红糖淀粉糊,还可常食桑葚、荔枝、松子、黑木耳、菠菜、胡萝卜、猪肉、羊肉、牛肝、羊肝、甲鱼、海参等补血养血的食物。
平时,要进行适当的体育锻炼,以传统的健身运动为佳,如太极拳、八段锦、气功导引等,还可以进行郊游、踏青,既能呼吸新鲜空气,又能活动筋骨。
此外,烦闷不安、情绪不佳时,可以听听音乐,欣赏幽默剧,使精神振奋、排解忧愁。
顺四时,调五味,平和体质这样养护
人人都向往健康的体质,实际上,它是一种动态的平衡,是长寿的基础,更是一个需要维持的过程。
前面讲了一些有偏颇的体质,这节我们来谈一下大家都向往的健康状态——平和体质。
一般来说,平和体质的人体形匀称,面色、肤色润泽,头发稠密有光泽,目光有神,鼻色明润,嗅觉通利,味觉正常,唇色红润,精力充沛,不易疲劳,耐受寒热,睡眠安和,胃口良好,两便正常,舌色淡红等。
长寿的革命第三部分辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案(4)
这类人,养生保健宜饮食调理而不宜药补。因为平和之人阴阳平和,不需要药物纠正阴阳之偏正盛衰,如果用药物补益,反而容易破坏阴阳平衡。
由于五味偏嗜会破坏身体的平衡状态,所以,平和体质的人日常饮食宜清淡,不要有偏嗜。因为过酸伤脾,过咸伤心,过甜伤肾,过辛伤肝,过苦伤肺。
在维持自身阴阳平衡的同时,这类人还应注意自然界的四时阴阳变化,顺应此变化,保持自身与自然界的整体阴阳平衡。可酌量选用具有缓补阴阳作用的食物,如粳米、薏苡仁、豇豆、韭菜、甘薯、南瓜、银杏、核桃、龙眼、莲子、鸡、牛、羊等,以增强体质。
最后,平和体质的人春季阳气初生,宜食辛甘之品以发散,而不宜食酸收之味,可常食韭菜、香菜、豆豉、萝卜、枣、猪肉等。夏季心火当令,宜多食辛味助肺以制心,且饮食宜清淡而不宜食肥甘厚味,可常食菠菜、黄瓜、丝瓜、冬瓜、桃、李、绿豆、鸡肉、鸭肉等。秋季干燥易伤津液,宜食性润之品以生津液,而不宜食辛散之品,可常食银耳、杏、梨、白扁豆、蚕豆、鸭肉、猪肉等。冬季阳气衰微,故宜食温补之品以保护阳气,而不宜食寒凉之品,可常食大白菜、板栗、枣、黑豆、刀豆、羊肉、狗肉等。
此外,南瓜蒸百合是平和体质者的佳品。南瓜250克,百合100克,罐装红樱桃1粒,白糖、盐、蜂蜜各适量。将南瓜改刀成菱形块,百合洗净;南瓜、百合装盘,撒上调料,装饰红樱桃,上笼蒸熟即可。
捏脊:改善体质,提升身体免疫力的好办法
我们的体质分先天和后天,先天体质是父母赋予我们的,无法改变,后天体质由我们自己掌握。捏脊就可以增强我们的体质,提高抵抗力,从而祛除许多疾病。
我曾遇到一位老人,体质一直不好,不仅经常生些小毛病,而且终年遭受着颈椎病和腰椎病的苦痛,后来经人介绍去捏脊,连续两个月下来,各种病症烟消云散,整个人精神抖擞。
其实,我们的体质分先天和后天,先天的体质是父母赋予我们的,无法改变,后天体质由我们自己掌握。
《黄帝内经》里说,督脉是诸阳之会,人体阳气借此宣发,是元气的通道。关于这一重要的经脉,我们在前面已经介绍了,现在我们着重讲一下它对人体质的影响。人们常说“挺直你的脊梁”,就是因为那里最展现人的精气神,所以打通我们脊梁上的督脉,就可以增强体质,提高身体的抵抗力,祛除许多疾病。捏脊,就是实现这一目的的绝佳方式。
同时,人体的很多疾病都是由于气血不通引起的。脊背作为气血循行的主干道,最怕淤积,我们平时姿势不良、过劳或负重等,都会造成这个主干道淤积,从而导致身体气血供应失调,造成泛滥或干涸。所以,只有脊背这个枢纽通了,气血运行通畅,才能带走淤积,祛除疾病,这也是为什么众多医家认为捏脊能治百病。
关于捏脊的具体操作方法,可以按照如下介绍进行:
俯卧,全身放松,请家人用双手的拇指、中指与食指在你脊柱两侧连皮带肉地捏起,从尾椎骨沿脊柱向上捏,一直捏到颈项发际处;每天捏一次,一次捏3~5遍即可。至于力道,每次捏完可看到脊柱两旁明显发红,就说明捏到位了。整个过程中,用力拎起肌肤,称为“提法”;每捏3下提一下称为“捏三提一法”;每捏5下提一下称为“捏五提一法”;当然,也可单捏不提。
长寿的革命第三部分辨清体质,制订你的个性化保养方案(5)
捏脊示意图
在给家庭成员捏脊时,一定要注意以下几点:
1.应沿直线捏,不要歪斜。
2.捏拿肌肤松紧要适宜。
3.避免肌肤从手指间滑脱。
此外,打通督脉还有一个方法就是暖脊功,这其实是瑜伽的功法,这里借用一下。很简单,就是抱成团,在地上打滚。不是真的滚,而是脊椎受力,以头臀为两头,像小船似的两边摇,很有效的,大家可以试试。另外,在地板上做效果才好,在床上,特别是床垫上则没什么效果。
老年人强健体质按摩十二法
人上了岁数,体质开始变差,气血流通也会减慢,如果此时多活动活动手脚,没事多做做按摩,可以保证气血流通顺畅,从而增强体质。
大家都知道,人上了岁数,体质就开始变差,气血流通也会减慢,很多人为此感到苦恼。其实,《黄帝内经》中的《素问》和《灵枢》,都论及按摩对养生的重要性,步入老年的朋友们若掌握好按摩养生方法,同样可以增强体质。
下面,就向大家介绍一套全身按摩法。此法从整体中分出若干节来进行,既可分用,也可合用。操作顺序由下而上,即从足趾到头部,老年人则可从上到下。
1.搓手:用两手掌用力相对搓动,由慢而快,至搓热手心。手是三阳经和三阴经必经之处,摩擦能调和手上气血,使经路畅通,十指灵敏。
2.梳头:十指微屈,以指尖接触头皮,从额前到枕后,从颞颥到头顶“梳头”20次左右。
3.揉按太阳穴:用两手食指指端分别压在双侧太阳穴上旋转运动,按时针方向顺、逆各10次左右。
4.揉胸脯:用两手掌按在两乳上方,旋转揉动,顺逆时针各10次左右。
5.抓肩肌:用手掌与手指配合抓、捏、提左右肩肌,边抓边扭肩,各进行10次左右。
6.豁胸廓:两手微张五指,分别置于胸壁上,手指端沿肋间隙从内向外滑动,各重复10次左右。
7.揉腹:五指张开,指端向下,从胃脘部起经脐右揉到下腹部,然后向右、向上、向左、向下,沿大肠走向擦揉。可以牵拉腹内脏器,使肠胃蠕动加速,促进胃液、胆汁、胰腺和小肠液的分泌,增加消化吸收作用。
8.搓腰:用手按紧腰部,用力向下搓到尾间部,左右手一上一下,两侧同时搓20次左右。
9.擦大腿:两手抱紧一大腿部,用力下擦到膝盖,然后擦回大腿根,往来20次左右。
10.揉小腿。以两手掌挟紧一侧小腿腿肚,旋转揉动,左右各20次左右。腿是担负人体重负的骨干,是足三阳经和足三阴经的必经之路,揉腿可使膝关节灵活、腿肌增强,防止肌肉萎缩,有助于减少各种腿疾。
11.旋揉两膝。两手掌心各紧按两膝,先一起向左旋揉10次,再同时向右旋揉10次。膝关节处多横纹肌和软性韧带组织,恶温怕冷,经常揉膝,可促进皮肤血液循环,增高膝部温度,驱逐风寒,从而增加膝部功能,有助防止膝关节炎等难治之症。
12.按摩脚心:两手摩热搓涌泉穴,用手搓至脚心发热,先左后右分别进行。依上各步骤进行全身按摩,可祛风邪,活血通络,解除腰背病痛,长期坚持可强身健体。

Spider pond